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US Treasury imposes sanctions on Al-Shabaab operatives, Somali charcoal smuggling network


Wednesday May 24, 2023

 
A Somali businesswoman arranges charcoal at her stall along a street near the main Baraka market in Mogadishu. Photograph: REUTERS/Alamy

Washington DC (HOL) - The U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) has imposed heavy sanctions on 26 individuals and entities linked to the Somali-based terrorist group al-Shabaab, and the Somali Charcoal Smuggling Network, both of which have long been destabilizing the region. This action, announced on Wednesday, specifically targets operatives involved in financial facilitation, illegal business activities, and unlawful charcoal smuggling, which has generated substantial revenue for al-Shabaab.

Al-Shabaab's unlawful activities include imposing taxation on local populations, using Improvised Explosive Devices (I.E.D.s), and participating in extensive revenue generation schemes like kidnappings and forced collection of fees from locals. The Somali Charcoal Smuggling Network, led by several key individuals and their affiliated companies, has been a significant source of income for the group, despite the United Nations Security Council Resolution 2036 in 2012 banning the export and import of Somali charcoal.

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Notable figures implicated in this network include Ali Ahmed Naaji, who, since at least 2013, has acted as a supplier and coordinator for the smuggling operation. His company, Jamame Brothers, has maintained deep business ties with countries including the U.A.E., Kenya, Djibouti, China, India, and Pakistan. Bashir Khalif Musse, based in Dubai, and his network of companies, Mariam Barreh, director of Bushra Bachir Shipping and Logistics Services L.L.C., and Abdulwahab Noor Abdi, colloquially known as "Tomato," have all been heavily involved in these smuggling operations.

Brian E. Nelson, Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence, underlined the Administration's commitment to work in concert with the Somali Government to counter terrorist threats. "Today's designations underscore this dynamic relationship and the U.S.'s ongoing commitment to promote stability and security in the region," he said.

These sanctions align with the Executive Order (E.O.) 13224, which targets terrorist groups and their supporters, and E.O. 13536, which targets actors threatening Somalia's peace, security, or stability. They aim to disrupt the operations of these individuals and their affiliated entities and help counter the destabilizing activities of al-Shabaab in Somalia.

All property and interests of these individuals and their affiliated companies within the U.S. are now blocked and must be reported to OFAC. Transactions by U.S. persons or within the U.S. that involve these designated individuals or entities are generally prohibited unless authorized by a specific or general license issued by OFAC. Financial institutions and other persons engaging in transactions with these entities risk exposure to sanctions or enforcement action.

This move also raises the prospect of secondary sanctions, in which OFAC can prohibit or impose conditions on foreign financial institutions opening or maintaining U.S.-based correspondent accounts on behalf of a Specially Designated Global Terrorist.



 
 
SPECIALLY DESIGNATED NATIONALS LIST UPDATE

The following individual has been added to OFAC's SDN List:

AADAN, Hassan Yariisow (a.k.a. YARIISOW, Xasan; a.k.a. YARIISOW, Xassan), Tortoroow, Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1990; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
AADAN, Siciid Abdullahi (a.k.a. HAJI, Sayid Abdullahi Adan; a.k.a. INO, Siciid Abdullah Haji), Tortoroow, Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1998; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
ABDI, Abdulwahab Noor (Arabic: عبدالوهاب نور عبدي) (a.k.a. ABDI, Abdlwahab Noor; a.k.a. ABDI, Abduwahab Nur), Nasser Square, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Musheer Building, Flat 202, Al Rumailah, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; DOB 01 Jan 1970; POB Filtu, Ethiopia; nationality Ethiopia; Gender Male; Passport EP3446365 (Ethiopia) issued 10 Dec 2014 expires 09 Dec 2019; Identification Number 784197051728729 (United Arab Emirates) (individual) [SOMALIA]. 
 
AYUTO, Siyaat (a.k.a. AYUTO, Siyad; a.k.a. AYUUTO, Siyaad; a.k.a. AYUUTO, Siyat; a.k.a. YUSUF, Siyaad Isaaq), Kamjiron, Somalia; Hargeisa, Somalia; Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1981; alt. DOB 1982; POB Beer Xaani, Somalia; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
BARREH, Mariam (a.k.a. BARRE OMAR, Marian; a.k.a. BARREH OMAR, Mariam; a.k.a. "BARRE, Marian"), Altawun Area, Alkhan, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; PO Box 80367, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; DOB 01 Jan 1971; alt. DOB 10 Apr 1971; POB Kismayo, Somalia; nationality Djibouti; alt. nationality Somalia; Gender Female; Passport 19RF19428 (Djibouti) issued 28 Dec 2020 expires 28 Dec 2025; Identification Number 156087 (Djibouti) (individual) [SOMALIA]. 
 
BURHAN, Macalin, Lower Juba, Somalia; Salagle, Middle Juba, Somalia; DOB 1981; alt. DOB 1982; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
CALI, Maxamed, Wayanta, Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1983; alt. DOB 1984; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
DAOUD, Suleiman Cabdi (a.k.a. GOOBE, Suleiman Daoud; a.k.a. "GOOBE, Saleban"; a.k.a. "GOOBE, Saleeban"), Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1981; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
DHEERE, Mumin (a.k.a. DHEERE, Muumin; a.k.a. DHERE, Mumin), Jilib, Middle Juba, Somalia; Wayanta, Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1985; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
GABAANE, Maxamed Dauud (a.k.a. QAAWANE, Maxamed Daud; a.k.a. "DAUD, Mahamud"; a.k.a. "DAUD, Maxamed"), Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1965; alt. DOB 1966; alt. DOB 1967; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
GUHAAD, Cumar (a.k.a. GUHAAD, Omar), Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1972; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
HIREY, Mohamed Abdullah, Jilib, Middle Juba, Somalia; Kamsuuma, Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1954; alt. DOB 1955; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
HUSSEIN, Ali Ahmed, Tortoroow, Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1980; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
IBRAHIM, Aadan Yusuf Saciid (a.k.a. "ABDULLAHI, Hussein"), Beled Amin, Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1987; alt. DOB 1988; alt. DOB 1989; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
JISS, Aadan, Daaru Salaam, Middle Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1977; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
KABADHE, Ahmed, Jubaland, Somalia; Jilib, Middle Juba, Somalia; DOB 1975; alt. DOB 1976; alt. DOB 1977; alt. DOB 1978; alt. DOB 1979; alt. DOB 1980; POB Galkayo, Mudug, Galmudug, Somalia; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
MALAYLE, Shiek Aadan Abuukar, Jameeco Jilyaale, Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1962; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
MOHAMED, Mohamed Omar (a.k.a. HAJI, Mohamed Omar; a.k.a. MA'ALIN, Mohamed Omar; a.k.a. MAXAMED, Mohamed Cumar; a.k.a. MOA'LIN, Mohamed Haji Omar; a.k.a. "OMAROW, Mohamed"; a.k.a. "UMUROW, Ma'd"), Diinsor District, Bay, Somalia; Buur Hakaba District, Bay, Somalia; DOB 1976; POB Taflow Village, Berdaale District, Bay, Somalia; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
MUSSE, Bashir Khalif (a.k.a. MOOSA, Basheer Khalid; a.k.a. MOOSA, Basheer Khalif; a.k.a. MOSSA, Bashir Khalif; a.k.a. MOUSSA, Bachir Kalif; a.k.a. MUSA, Bashir Khalif; a.k.a. MUSSE, Bachir Khalif; a.k.a. "MOOSA, Bashir"; a.k.a. "MUSSE, Bashir"), Dubai, United Arab Emirates; PO Box 80367, Ajman, United Arab Emirates; DOB 01 Jan 1967; POB Garowe, Puntland, Somalia; nationality Djibouti; Gender Male; Passport 16RE41878 (Djibouti) issued 26 May 2016 expires 25 May 2021; alt. Passport 16RF20973 (Djibouti) expires 11 Oct 2023; Identification Number 784-1967-5350265-5 (United Arab Emirates); Residency Number 083698992 (United Arab Emirates) expires 15 May 2020 (individual) [SOMALIA]. 
 
NAAJI, Ali Ahmed (a.k.a. HAJI, Ali Ahmed; a.k.a. NAJI, Ali Ahmed; a.k.a. NAJI, Cali Axmed; a.k.a. "NAJI, Ali"), Kismayo, Somalia; DOB 01 Jan 1974; nationality Somalia; Gender Male (individual) [SOMALIA]. 
 
ROOBOW, Cabdi (a.k.a. DHEERE, Suhayb; a.k.a. DHEERE, Suheib; a.k.a. SHINI, Abdi Rooble), Qudus, Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1981; alt. DOB 1982; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
SIIDOW, Maxamed (a.k.a. IBRAHIM, Maxamed Siidow Sheikh), Lower Shabelle, Somalia; DOB 1972; alt. DOB 1973; alt. DOB 1974; POB Lower Shabelle, Somalia; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
XUUROOW, Hasaan Abshir (a.k.a. XUUROW, Xassan Cabshir), Lower Juba, Somalia; DOB 1982; alt. DOB 1983; alt. DOB 1984; alt. DOB 1985; alt. DOB 1986; alt. DOB 1987; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 
 
YARE, Cali (a.k.a. YARE, Ali), Lower Shabelle, Somalia; Jilib, Somalia; DOB 1986; nationality Somalia; Gender Male; Secondary sanctions risk: section 1(b) of Executive Order 13224, as amended by Executive Order 13886 (individual) [SDGT] (Linked To: AL-SHABAAB). 

The following entities have been added to OFAC's SDN List:

AL NEZAM AL ASASY GENERAL TRADING L.L.C (Arabic: النظام الأساسي للتجارة العامة ش.ذ.م.م.) (a.k.a. AL NEZAAM AL ASASY GENERAL TRADING COMPANY; a.k.a. ALNEZAM AL ASASY GENERAL TRADING), PO Box 40450, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Kuwait Building 104, Deira, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Organization Established Date 24 Aug 2011; Identification Number 196181 (United Arab Emirates); License 658287 (United Arab Emirates); Registration Number 1081418 (United Arab Emirates) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: ABDI, Abdulwahab Noor). 
 
BUSHRA BACHIR SHIPPING AND LOGISTICS SERVICES L.L.C. (a.k.a. BUSHRA BACHIR SHIPING AND LOGISTICS SERVICES LLC; a.k.a. BUSHRA BACHIR SHIPPING & LOGISTIC SERVICES L.L.C.), Al Nokhitha Building, Office No. 222, PO Box 80367, Al Hamriya, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Djibouti; License 894208 (United Arab Emirates) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: MUSSE, Bashir Khalif). 
 
JAMAME BROTHERS COMPANY (a.k.a. JAMAME BROTHERS COMPANY EXPORT & IMPORT; a.k.a. JAMAME BROTHERS COMPANY EXPORT AND IMPORT; a.k.a. JAMAME BROTHERS COMPANY LIMITED; a.k.a. JAMAME BROTHERS OF COMPANIES), Mogadishu, Somalia; Ali Naji Building, Shoping Street, Kismayo, Somalia; Organization Established Date 25 Jun 2010; Organization Type: Non-specialized wholesale trade; Certificate of Incorporation Number SCCI/378/13 (Somalia) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: NAAJI, Ali Ahmed). 
 
KISMAYO GENERAL TRADING LLC (a.k.a. KEISMAIO GENERAL TRADING; a.k.a. KISMAYO GENERAL TRADING; a.k.a. KISMAYO GENERAL TRADING L.L.C), 18A Street, Corniche Deira, Deira, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; PO Box 64871, Deira, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; PO Box 80367, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Al Hamriya, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Organization Established Date 05 May 2002; Organization Type: Non-specialized wholesale trade; Identification Number 68753 (United Arab Emirates); alt. Identification Number 59260 (United Arab Emirates); License 533917 (United Arab Emirates) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: MUSSE, Bashir Khalif). 
 
RED SEA TRANSIT & TRANSPORT SERVICE (a.k.a. RED SEA MARITIMES SURVEYORS SARL; a.k.a. RED SEA SHIPPING AGENCY; a.k.a. RED SEA SURVEYOR MARITIME; a.k.a. RED SEA TRANSIT AND TRANSPORT; a.k.a. RED SEA TRANSIT AND TRANSPORT SERVICE), Rue de Paris 10, Djibouti, Djibouti; Website www.redsurveyor.site; Organization Established Date 01 Jan 2009; Organization Type: Other reservation service and related activities; Registration Number 10586/B/SARL (Djibouti) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: MUSSE, Bashir Khalif). 
 
ROYAL SHIPPING AGENCY, Rue de Moscow, Djibouti; Rue de Paris 10, Djibouti, Djibouti; Organization Type: Other transportation support activities; Registration Number 253 (Djibouti) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: MUSSE, Bashir Khalif). 
 
SITTI GENERAL TRADING LLC (Arabic: سيتي للتجارة العامة ش.ذ.م.م.) (a.k.a. SITTI GENERAL TRADING FZCO; a.k.a. SITTI GENERAL TRADING L.L.C), New Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Al Nokhitha Building, Office No. 222, PO Box 80367, Al Hamriya, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Organization Established Date 05 May 2002; Organization Type: Non-specialized wholesale trade; License 533917 (United Arab Emirates); Registration Number 10809045 (United Arab Emirates) [SOMALIA] (Linked To: MUSSE, Bashir Khalif)



 





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